Medicated Eye Drops

person using eye drops

Treatment for glaucoma often begins with medicated eye drops. The goal of these medications is to lower the pressure in the eye (intraocular pressure) and prevent damage to the optic nerve.

To gain the most benefits of these medications, use them exactly as prescribed by your eye doctor. Sometimes your doctor may prescribe more than one type of eye drop. In this case, check with your doctor about how long to wait between using each kind.

Side Effects of Medicated Eye Drops

Although eye drops for glaucoma can help save your vision, all of these medications have some side effects. In addition, some of the medication may be absorbed into the bloodstream, which can cause side effects that affect body parts other than your eyes.

The most common side effects of medicated eye drops include:

  • Redness of the eyes or skin around the eyes
  • An itching or stinging sensation
  • Blurred vision
  • Changes in the color of your eyes, the skin around your eyes or the appearance of your eyelid
  • Growth of your eyelashes
  • Changes in your heartbeat or pulse
  • Changes in your energy level
  • Breathing changes, especially if you have asthma or other lung conditions
  • Dry mouth

If you experience any of these side effects, tell your eye doctor. Do not stop taking your medicated eye drops unless you have spoken with your doctor. Using these eye drops as directed is the best way to help save your vision.

Types of Medicated Eye Drops

Your doctor may prescribe one or more type of eye drop. Some of the most common ones include:

  • Prostaglandins. These help reduce the pressure in your eye and increase the flow of fluid out of the eye.
  • Beta blockers. Beta blockers help decrease the pressure in the eye and how much fluid is made in the eye.
  • Alpha-adrenergic agonists. With this type of eye drop, you can increase the flow of fluid out of the eye and reduce how much fluid is made in the eye.
  • Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. These are used to reduce how much fluid is made in the eye. These types of eye drops are not used very often.
  • Miotic or cholinergic agents. Using this type of eye drop helps increase the flow of fluid out of the eye.

If you have a family history of glaucoma or are noticing problems with your vision, contact your ophthalmologist immediately for an appointment. He or she can help diagnose your vision problem and suggest appropriate treatment options.

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Testimonials

Reviews From Our Satisfied Patients

  • "Dr. Michael Houseman took great care of my 92-year-old father, who can't hear very well at all, and who gets confused easily. He was very patient and kind, and spent extra time giving him the best prescription possible. When we went to get glasses, they were able to cut the lenses in house, very affordably."
    Mark Berg
  • "Great service! Dr Gertsberger is wonderful. He takes care of my whole family and we have all been pleased with our eye care."
    SylnJoey R. Garden City, KS
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  • "What fan can I say? If you need prompt, professional eye care, Garden City Optometrists is where you need to go for the best eye care in Southwest Kansas...they'll keep an eye out for you. (:-) Art Gomez, Scott City, Kansas"
    Art Gomez
  • "This place has been in operation for more than 100 years, so they must be doing something right. That "something" is prompt, professional service. I've never had to wait long for an appointment or to be seen once I arrive at the office. The staff knows what they're doing, and I've never walked away unhappy."
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  • "I was shopping for my third set of glasses from Garden City Optometrists. The entire staff got in on the experience, showing me frames that they thought would work well for me. We didn't find exactly what I was looking for, so they ordered some more examples. I've had nothing but great experiences with all of the doctors and staff here. See you guys in a few days for my new frames!"
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